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Какие сети относятся к глобальным?

Какие сети относятся к глобальным?

Since 1985 BNI has
created over
$130 Billion USD
in revenue for BNI

BNI’s proven chapter meeting agenda optimized for online networking and exchanging business referrals.

Great for those who prefer networking online in the comfort of their home or office

Experience BNI’s traditional chapter meeting,
refined over 36 years of consistent growth

Great for those who enjoy face-to-face networking and sharing business connections

The best of both meeting formats. Meet in-person during the first week of the month, then enjoy the convenience of online for the rest of the month.​

Great for those who value both flexibility and relationship-building.​

The World’s Largest Referral Networking Organization

Be a part of a local network with global reach. BNI is the largest and most successful business networking organization with Members and Chapters in over 70 countries.

Member Generated Business

BNI is more than just helping you grow your business it is helping you build your network. You will gain colleagues, business partners, and friends who will become part of your newfound family. This positive and supportive group of people will help you go through any crisis because you-cannot-do-this-alone.”

— Joy Ejercito | Interior Design | Philippines

It’s a no brainer for business owners who want to grow personally and professionally. The structure, accountability and systems are proven. BNI doesn’t need selling, it just needs experiencing and the rest takes care of itself when you fully adopt a givers gain mindset.”

— Bronwyn Boyle | Business Consulting | Australia

BNI got me out of my comfort zone. It pushed me ahead with resources that helped my business to grow. In two years I’ve made more than a thousand contacts around the world, started a book about entrepreneurship and studies in health science, been interviewed by TV, News and Magazines, and even managed to use my new networking skills to save myself in a life and death situation. My business has grown from two clients to more than forty and continues to grow. I don’t have enough words to thank BNI.”

— Omar Cisneros | e-learning | Peru

Joining BNI was a life-changing decision. Learning how to market my business through weekly presentations and feature presentations has opened my eyes to the possibilities of networking. More than anything, I have enjoyed building a network of professionals that I am confident referring business to, as each has made the same commitment I have to our code of ethic. I am now a go-to person, and it feeds my soul to send business to fellow members. A third of my own customers are a direct result of BNI.”

— Sue Todd | Skin Care | USA

For many new business owners, going out into the marketplace solo can be a lonely journey. I found the comfort of catching up with my business referral group each week to be invaluable for both my sanity and my business. Participating in BNI was the best business decision I ever made, and one I recommend to others in business regularly.”

— Suzzanne Laidlaw | Business Coach | Australia

Your Business Grows

Your Business Grows

A BNI Membership is referral networking that works! Our proven business referral system, coupled with BNI Online™ , is designed to help businesses work together to pass referral business and explore new opportunities.

Visiting a meeting is free and a great way to see an online BNI Chapter meeting in action.

You Build Relationships

You Build Relationships

Building trusted relationships is what we are all about. Your BNI Membership is designed to develop long lasting relationships that deepen and evolve through our core value — Givers Gain®.

Each member of your referral network contributes to your success and you to theirs. Now more than ever, building trusted relationships is critical to business success.

Sharpens Your Skills

Sharpens Your Skills

Your BNI Membership gives you access to mentors, other business professionals and a whole host of courses through our proprietary learning center, BNI Business Builder, to help you build your skills and confidence.

Plus, you have the power of a global support team to help you grow.

Three Ways to Experience BNI

Enjoy a meeting type that best fits your lifestyle and business

BNI In-Person

A very personal way to meet, connect and grow.

BNI Online®

A convenient way to meet, connect and grow from the comfort of your home or office

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BNI Hybrid

The best of both. Meet in-person first week of the month and the rest online.



Обеспечение безопасности в AWS начинается уже на уровне базовой инфраструктуры. Состояние инфраструктуры, созданной специально для облачных вычислений и отвечающей наиболее строгим мировым требованиям безопасности, круглосуточно отслеживается, чтобы гарантировать конфиденциальность, целостность и доступность данных. Все данные, проходящие через глобальную сеть AWS, которая связывает наши центры обработки данных и регионы, автоматически шифруются перед отправкой на физическом уровне. Вы получаете самую безопасную глобальную инфраструктуру, сохраняя полный контроль над своими данными. Вы можете свободно шифровать и перемещать данные, а также управлять их хранением.


AWS обеспечивает наивысшую доступность сети среди всех поставщиков облачных услуг. Каждый регион полностью изолирован и состоит из нескольких зон доступности, представляющих собой полностью изолированные разделы нашей инфраструктуры. Чтобы лучше изолировать проблемы и получить высокую доступность, вы можете разделить приложения между множеством зон доступности в одном регионе. Кроме того, плоскость контроля и Консоль управления AWS распределяются между регионами и включают региональные адреса API, которые предназначены для безопасной работы в течение не менее 24 часов при условии изолирования от функций глобальной плоскости контроля, если клиентам не нужен доступ к региону или его адресам API через внешние сети во время изоляции.


Глобальная инфраструктура AWS создана для того, чтобы гарантировать стабильную и производительную работу ваших решений. Использование регионов AWS позволяет снизить задержки и потери пакетов, а также обеспечивает эффективную работу сети. Это возможно благодаря полностью избыточной сетевой магистрали с оптоволоконным подключением 100 Гбит/с Ethernet, что также обеспечивает передачу многих терабитов данных между регионами. Локальные зоны AWS, AWS Wavelength и наши поставщики телекоммуникационных услуг позволяют использовать различные сервисы и разворачивать приложения на платформе AWS ближе к конечным пользователям и устройствам с подключением 5G, чтобы обеспечить эффективную работу приложений, которые требуют задержек не больше нескольких миллисекунд. Так вы можете быстро расширять объем ресурсов по мере необходимости, развертывая сотни и даже тысячи серверов за считаные минуты.

Глобальный масштаб

AWS предоставляет самую масштабную инфраструктуру во всем мире, которая постоянно увеличивается. При развертывании приложений и управлении рабочими нагрузками в облаке вы можете выбрать технологическую инфраструктуру, которая расположена ближе к вашим конечным пользователям. Также можно создавать решения с большими рабочими нагрузками, так как облачная инфраструктура обеспечивает наилучшую поддержку для широчайшего набора приложений, даже для требующих самой высокой пропускной способности и минимальной задержки. Для распространения данных можно использовать сервис AWS Ground Station, который использует системы спутниковой связи, расположенные вблизи инфраструктуры регионов AWS.

Возможность масштабирования

Глобальная инфраструктура AWS позволяет компаниям поддерживать невероятную гибкость и пользоваться возможностями теоретически бесконечной масштабируемости облака. Раньше клиентам приходилось использовать больше ресурсов, чтобы обеспечить необходимую производительность во время пиковых нагрузок. Сейчас они могут мгновенно увеличить или уменьшить их количество, что позволяет снизить затраты и повысить эффективность решений, которые они предлагают своим пользователям. Компании получают возможность быстро расширять объем ресурсов по мере необходимости, развертывая сотни и даже тысячи серверов за считаные минуты.


Независимо от выбора местоположения и методов развертывания решений, глобальная инфраструктура AWS предоставляет единую сеть, панель управления, API и сервисы AWS. Если вам необходимо обеспечить работу приложений во всем мире, вы можете выбрать нужные регионы AWS или зоны доступности. Также можно использовать AWS Local Zones или AWS Wavelength, чтобы запустить приложения, требующие подключения с задержкой не более нескольких миллисекунд для мобильных устройств и конечных пользователей. Или вы можете выбрать AWS Outposts, чтобы запустить приложения локально.

Specific medication safety issues are well known to cause harmful and fatal errors in patients despite knowledge of repeated occurrence and warnings. These deadly events have the following common characteristics (1):

  • They are recurring, likely to happen to another patient if not addressed
  • They are identifiable, easily recognized, clearly defined and not attributable to other possible causes
  • They are avoidable, by appropriate practices, measures and organizational barriers

Preventing these deadly events is possible by the implementation of risk-reduction strategies that reduce or eliminate the possibility of errors, make errors visible, and minimize their consequences (2). The primary goal is to redesign the medication management process to make it harder for errors to reach the patient. The fact that such deadly adverse events can be prevented by using specific measures and organizational checks and balances has led numerous facilities to call them “never events.” In this expression, “never event” is a clear call-to-action, rather than an expectation of perfect performance or an attempt to blame if such an event happens. For this call-to-action, the International Medication Safety Network (IMSN) has identified four risk-reduction strategies, herein called the Global Targeted Medication Safety Best Practices, to inspire and mobilize widespread, international adoption of consensus-based best practices for specific medication safety issues that continue to lead to harmful and deadly medication errors.

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The first four IMSN Global Targeted Medication Safety Best Practices are:

  • Global Medication Safety Best Practice 1
    Remove potassium concentrate injection from drug storage areas on all inpatient nursing units/wards
  • Global Medication Safety Best Practice 2
    Prepare and dispense vinca alkaloids in a minibag, never in a syringe
  • Global Medication Safety Best Practice 3
    Prevent inadvertent daily dosing of oral methotrexate for non-oncologic conditions
  • Global Medication Safety Best Practice 4
    Prevent errors related to improper preparation of 2-component vaccines

Focusing on these four high-alert medications—potassium concentrate injection, vinca alkaloids, oral methotrexate used in non-oncologic conditions, and 2-component vaccines—is emblematic of the changes in systems and practices that should be undertaken as a priority around the world. High-alert medications bear a heighted risk of causing patient harm when used in error.

While Best Practices 1 and 2 target the acute care setting, serious adverse events with potassium concentrate injection and vinca alkaloids have occurred in other settings, such as ambulatory practices and ambulatory procedure areas. Best Practice 3, associated with oral methotrexate, applies to all settings, including long-term care and home care.

These Global Targeted Medication Safety Best Practices have been reviewed and endorsed by experts from the International Medication Safety Network, an association of medication safety organizations, pharmacovigilance centers, regulatory agencies and medication safety experts. They have already been successfully adopted by numerous organizations (3). For example, in the United States, the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) has documented a steady progression between 2014 and 2017 of implementation of the Targeted Medication Safety Best Practices for Hospitals associated with two of the four targeted high-alert medications, vinca alkaloids and oral methotrexate.

Risk-Reduction Strategies for Preventing Deadly Medication Errors

Selecting the best error-reduction strategy is not easy (4). As illustrated below, risk-reduction strategies tend to focus on system design, which are often most effective, and/or human factors principles, which are less effective that system design strategies (4-7) .

  • High-leverage strategies that focus on the system and ‘design out’ hazards are most effective because they can eliminate the risk of errors and associated harm. They do not rely heavily on individual human attention and vigilance. Such strategies include forcing functions, barriers and fail-safes, constraints, and automation and computerization. These strategies may involve complex implementation plans because they often require system redesign.
  • Medium-leverage strategies do not eliminate hazards but reduce the likelihood of errors or minimize harm. They are relatively easy to implement but may need periodic updating and reinforcement to maintain knowledge and the currency of the process or product. These strategies are highly dependent on the behavior of people using the system. They include standardization; redundancies (e.g., independent double checks); reminders and checklists; warnings, alerts, and alarms; and patient counselling.
  • Low-leverage strategies are often easy and quick to implement but need constant updating and reinforcement to maintain knowledge and currency. They aim to improve human performance and are more effective when combined with other medium- or highleverage strategies. Low-leverage strategies include rules, policies, procedures, guidelines, protocols, education and training, and information documents. Suggestions to “be more vigilant” have little value in reducing the risk of errors.

Acknowledgments and Disclosures. All reviewers were volunteers and received no compensation for their contribution to this work. IMSN is grateful for these volunteers and acknowledges their expertise and assistance in revising these Global Targeted Medication Safety Best Practices.

William Allan, Medication Safety Specialist, Health Quality and Safety Commission, New Zealand; Michael Cohen, Chair of IMSN, President of the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP), United States; Helen Dowling, Pharmacist Advisor, eHealth and Medication Safety, Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC); BarbraKaryne Nchinda Fobi, International Medication Safety Fellow, ISMP, United States; Michael Hamilton, Physician Lead and Medication Safety Specialist, Institute for Safe Medication Practices Canada (ISMP Canada); Ciara Kirke, Health Service Executive Quality Improvement Division, Ireland; Pia Knudsen, Pharmacist, Senior Patient Safety Officer, Danish Patient Safety Authority; Ursula Köberle, Pharmacovigilance analyst, Drug Commission of the German Medical Association; Christina Michalek, Medication Safety Specialist, ISMP, United States; Maria Jose Otéro Lopez, President ISMP Spain; Gregory A. Poff, Chairman, Saudi Medication Safety Center, Saudi Food and Drug Authority; Stephen Routledge, Patient Safety Improvement Lead, Canadian Patient Safety Institute; Étienne Schmitt, Head of Programme Éviter l’Évitable (Preventing the Preventable), Prescrire, France; Diana Shipp, Senior Project Manager, eHealth and Medication Safety, ACSQHC; David U, General Secretary of IMSN, Medication Safety Advisor, ISMP Canada.

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  1. The Canadian Patient Safety Institute (CPSI). Never Events for Hospital Care in Canada — Safer Care for Patients September 2015; 11 pages. Download
  2. Cohen MR, Smetzer JL, Tuohy NR and Kilo CM. High-Alert Medications: safeguarding against errors. In Medication Errors. 2nd ed. Washington (DC): American Pharmaceutical Association. 2007; 317-411.
  3. Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP). 2018-2019 Targeted Medication Safety Best Practices for Hospitals Access
  4. Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP). Medication error prevention “toolbox”. ISMP Medication Safety Alert! June 2, 1999; 4 (11): 1.
  5. Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP). Your high-alert medication list—relatively useless without associated risk-reduction strategies. ISMP Medication Safety Alert! 2013; 18 (8): 1-5.
  6. Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP Canada). Designing effective recommendations. Ontario Critical Incident Learning: Improving Quality in patient safety 2013; (4): 1-2. Download
  7. Health Quality & Safety Commission New Zealand. Error prevention strategies. Medication Safety Watch February 2015; (13): 1-3. Download

Download the IMSN Global Targeted Medication Safety Best Practices — June 2019

The GRIN Smartphone App is here!

Available for Android and iOS devices, the GRIN app is a free tool that allows professional and citizen scientists to collect raptor data on their mobile device. Observations including sightings, nest productivity, mortality, resightings, museum specimens, etc. can be collected using the GRIN app. Thus, raptor researchers can conduct studies directly in the field with their mobile devices, removing the need for tedious data entry once they’re home or in the office. Click below to learn more about the app’s many features, o haga clic aquí para ver este video en español.

First Global Irish Economic Forum

The first Global Irish Economic Forum took place at the Farmleigh Estate, Dublin, in September 2009.

At this first forum, participants identified a permanent global network as an important objective and the Global Irish Network was launched in 2010.

Second Global Irish Economic Forum

The second Global Irish Economic Forum was held in Dublin Castle in October 2011 and brought together around 270 members of the Global Irish Network with the Taoiseach, Tánaiste, Government, state agencies and domestic business leaders.

This forum was highly successful, with a frank and intensive exchange of ideas on the Government’s priorities for economic renewal, job creation and how to restore Ireland’s reputation abroad.

Third Global Irish Economic Forum

The third Global Irish Economic Forum was held in Dublin Castle on 4 and 5 October 2013, hosted by the Taoiseach and Tánaiste with an attendance drawn from the members of the Global Irish Network, the Government, state agencies, domestic business leaders and heads of third level institutions.

The forum that year also included around 100 SMEs from the island of Ireland at an event which brought them together with members of the Global Irish Network to learn about scaling up for exporting. Regional Roundtable meetings with local SMEs also took place in Cork, Galway and Belfast on the 3rd October 2013.

Fourth Global Irish Economic Forum

The fourth Global Irish Economic Forum was held in Dublin Castle on 20 and 21 November 2015, hosted by the Taoiseach and Minister for Foreign Affairs with an attendance drawn from the members of the Global Irish Network, the Government, state agencies, domestic business leaders and heads of third level institutions.

The forum was preceded by regional meetings of the Forum which took place in Derry, Galway, Limerick and Laois on 19 November and which included mentoring and networking sessions within specific sectors.

  • Download the 2015 GIEF report in English (PDF)
  • Download the 2015 GIEF report in Irish (PDF)
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Global Irish
Department of Foreign Affairs
Iveagh House
80 St Stephen’s Green
Dublin 2
D02 VY53

Toyota Material Handling Group

The flow of goods links the world and enriches the lives of people and society. By providing a diverse range of material handling equipment such as forklifts, TMHG supports people working at the frontlines of logistics and helps bring smiles to the faces of people all over the world. We have been Global No.1 material handling equipment supplier since 2000.




Toyota Material Handling Group (TMHG) was created in 2006 and is a division of Toyota Industries Corporation, founded in 1926 by Sakichi Toyoda and part of the Toyota Group. TMHG consists of TMHE (Europe), TMHNA (North America), TMHJ (Japan), TMHCN (China) and TMHI (Asia, Latin America, Middle east, Oceania and Africa). TMHG develops, produces, sells and provides services for a broad range of products, that include not only industrial vehicles, such as forklifts, but also transportation, storage, and sorting. In order to help our customers overcome their logistics challenges, we offer optimized materials handling solutions based on our technological capabilities and materials handling know-how.

Learn more about Toyota Industries Corporation

We provide products to our customers around the world using the Toyota, BT, Raymond, Cesab brands which together form Toyota Material Handling Group. In its operation, TMHG adapts optimum brand and sales structures in each region to ensure that the power of each brand is fully utilized and is meeting the demand of our customers.

TMHG’s products and services are offered through a network of dealerships but also through our Global Key Account organization. Our worldwide distribution and production network allows us to grasp the specific needs of our regional customers while retaining global perspective. Satisfying our customers with after sales service based on mutual communication and unparalleled professional competence is our aim.

Please Select Your Country / Region for the regional websites



What You Need to Know about Impact Investing

Investors around the world are making impact investments to unleash the power of capital for good. Continue reading to learn about the core characteristics of impact investing, who is making impact investments, the results these investments can achieve, and more. A version of this primer, answering many of the most frequently asked questions about impact investing, is available for download as well. Share it with a friend or on social media.

What is impact investing?

impact investments im·pact in·vest·ments NOUN: Impact investments are investments made with the intention to generate positive, measurable social and environmental impact alongside a financial return.

Impact investments are investments made with the intention to generate positive, measurable social and environmental impact alongside a financial return. Impact investments can be made in both emerging and developed markets, and target a range of returns from below market to market rate, depending on investors’ strategic goals.

The growing impact investment market provides capital to address the world’s most pressing challenges in sectors such as sustainable agriculture, renewable energy, conservation, microfinance, and affordable and accessible basic services including housing, healthcare, and education.

Elements of impact investing

The practice of impact investing is further defined by the following elements.

Note: On April 3, 2019, the GIIN published the Core Characteristics of Impact Investing, which complement this definition and aim to provide even further clarity about how to approach impact investing. View these four tenets that establish baseline expectations for impact investing, here >

INTENTIONALITY An investor’s intention to have a positive social or environmental impact through investments is essential to impact investing.

INVESTMENT WITH RETURN EXPECTATIONS Impact investments are expected to generate a financial return on capital or, at minimum, a return of capital.

RANGE OF RETURN EXPECTATIONS AND ASSET CLASSES Impact investments target financial returns that range from below market (sometimes called concessionary) to risk-adjusted market rate, and can be made across asset classes, including but not limited to cash equivalents, fixed income, venture capital, and private equity.

IMPACT MEASUREMENT A hallmark of impact investing is the commitment of the investor to measure and report the social and environmental performance and progress of underlying investments, ensuring transparency and accountability while informing the practice of impact investing and building the field.

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Investors’ approaches to impact measurement will vary based on their objectives and capacities, and the choice of what to measure usually reflects investor goals and, consequently, investor intention. In general, components of impact measurement best practices for impact investing include:

— Establishing and stating social and environmental objectives to relevant stakeholders
— Setting performance metrics/targets related to these objectives using standardized metrics wherever possible
— Monitoring and managing the performance of investees against these targets
— Reporting on social and environmental performance to relevant stakeholders

Why impact investing?

Impact investing challenges the long-held views that social and environmental issues should be addressed only by philanthropic donations, and that market investments should focus exclusively on achieving financial returns.

The impact investing market offers diverse and viable opportunities for investors to advance social and environmental solutions through investments that also produce financial returns.

Many types of investors are entering the growing impact investing market. Here are a few common investor motivations:

  • Banks, pension funds, financial advisors, and wealth managers can PROVIDE CLIENT INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES to both individuals and institutions with an interest in general or specific social and/or environmental causes.
  • Institutional and family foundations can LEVERAGE SIGNIFICANTLY GREATER ASSETS to advance their core social and/or environmental goals, while maintaining or growing their overall endowment.
  • Government investors and development finance institutions can PROVIDE PROOF OF FINANCIAL VIABILITY for private-sector investors while targeting specific social and environmental goals.

Who is making impact investments?

Impact investment has attracted a wide variety of investors, both individual and institutional.

  • Fund Managers
  • Development finance institutions
  • Diversified financial institutions/banks
  • Private foundations
  • Pension funds and insurance companies
  • Family Offices
  • Individual investors
  • NGOs
  • Religious institutions

GIIN Investors’ Council

The GIIN Investors’ Council, a leadership group for active large-scale impact investors, are among the leading institutional impact investors globally.

How do impact investments perform financially?

Impact investors have diverse financial return expectations. Some intentionally invest for below-market-rate returns, in line with their strategic objectives. Others pursue market-competitive and market-beating returns, sometimes required by fiduciary responsibility. Most investors surveyed in the GIIN’s 2020 Annual Impact Investor Survey pursue competitive, market-rate returns.

Respondents also report that portfolio performance overwhelmingly meets or exceeds investor expectations for both social and environmental impact and financial return, in investments spanning emerging markets, developed markets, and the market as a whole.

Although very few investors report significant risk events in their impact investing portfolios, business model execution and management is by far the most often cited contributor to risk.

A comprehensive review of available research to date on the financial returns of impact investments are available in the GIIN’s report, GIIN Perspectives: Evidence on the Financial Performance of Impact Investments. The report evaluates over a dozen studies—produced by a wide range of organizations—on the financial performance of investments in three common asset classes in impact investing: private equity, private debt, and real assets, as well as individual investor portfolios allocated across asset classes.

More data on financial returns of impact investments are available in the 2015 Introducing the Impact Investing Benchmark study, which looks at financial performance of private equity and venture capital impact investments, as well as the second report in the financial performance series, published in May 2017, The Financial Performance of Real Assets Impact Investments. Both of the reports were produced in partnership with the global investment advisory firm Cambridge Associates.

Global examples of impact investing

The impact investing industry is full of success stories: stories about impact investors thinking differently about the power of their capital, stories about entrepreneurs with exciting new ideas, and stories about the end consumers who benefit from fresh solutions. All three of these perspectives are woven together in these impact investing success stories:

Plus, read these stories to explore how impact investing is improving the lives of women in Bolivia, the people and environment of Mongolia, and bilingual communities the United States. Click through the investment profiles below to view impact investing examples from the investor perspective as well.

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